What are the uses of calcium-based desulfurizer

A calcium-based desulfurizer, also known as a calcium desulfurizer, is a substance used in various industrial processes to remove sulfur from gases or molten metals. It contains calcium compounds that react with sulfur to form non-volatile calcium sulfide, thereby reducing the sulfur content in the target material. Here are some commonly used calcium-based desulfurizers:

Calcium Oxide (CaO): Also known as quicklime or burnt lime, calcium oxide is a widely used desulfurizing agent. It reacts with sulfur to form calcium sulfide (CaS) according to the following equation:
CaO + S → CaS

Calcium Carbonate (CaCO3): Calcium carbonate, commonly found in limestone, chalk, and marble, can be utilized as a desulfurizer. It undergoes thermal decomposition to produce calcium oxide, which then reacts with sulfur to form calcium sulfide.

Cylindrical calcium-based desulfurizer

Calcium Hydroxide (Ca(OH)2): Calcium hydroxide, also known as slaked lime, is another calcium-based compound used for desulfurization. It can react with sulfur to form calcium sulfide.

Dolomite (CaMg(CO3)2): Dolomite is a mineral containing calcium and magnesium carbonates. It can be employed as a desulfurizer by decomposing into calcium oxide (CaO) and magnesium oxide (MgO) when heated. The calcium oxide then reacts with sulfur to form calcium sulfide.

Calcium Hydroxide Adsorbent

In desulfurization processes, these calcium-based desulfurizers are typically added to the system where sulfur removal is required. The desulfurizer reacts with sulfur-containing compounds, such as hydrogen sulfide (H2S) or sulfur dioxide (SO2), resulting in the formation of calcium sulfide, which can be easily separated from the treated material.

Calcium-based desulfurizers are extensively used in industries such as steelmaking, oil refining, natural gas processing, and coal combustion, where sulfur removal is crucial to meet environmental regulations, reduce corrosion, or improve the quality of end products.